How to make kitchen garden

WHY DO WE NEED KITCHEN GARDEN?

How to Make a Kitchen Garden

* It saves money and ensures fresh
   vegetables.
* It involves pleasant exercise.
* It makes surrounding pollution free and
   healthy.
* It gives immense pleasure and happiness 
   when fruits are seen in plants.

How to make a Kitchen Garden
Dietitian recommends that we need 280 gms of vegetable per head per day.
Root vegetables : 110 gms
* Leafy vegetables : 85 gms
* Other vegetables : 85 gms
Our present average consumption is only 70 grams. Kitchen garden will fulfill this shortfall.



TIPS FOR MAKING KITCHEN GARDEN:


How to make a Kitchen Garden
SELECTION OF SITE:
Vegetables can be grown in whatever open and sunny space available. The source of water should be nearby. A rectangular garden is preferable over a square one. It should have proper drainage. For 3-4 members in a family, about 100 sq. meters would be sufficient. If land is not available, terrace can be used with planters. In that case it should be checked whether the roof can sustain the loads of planters or not. Nowadays vertical walls like boundary walls or parapet walls are used for gardening with proper arrangements.
How to make a Kitchen Garden
PREPARATION OF LAND:
The land should be dug up first 12" deep as far as possible in big clods. The clods should be broken with first rain and the dug-up portion ploughed down. The dried up weeds and other matters to be taken out after ploughing. At least 2-3 ploughings is necessary.
In terrace garden, the soil mixture for planters to be prepared with two parts of soil, one part of manure, one part of leaf mold, and half part of sand. A liquid feed with cow dung or oil cakes proves effective.
How to make a Kitchen Garden

FERTILIZATION OF SOIL:
Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potash are major nutrients needed for plant growth. All three have different functions and therefore should be applied in a balanced form. Organic NPK fertilizer (10-26-26 or 12-32-16) can serve the purpose. A basal dose of this fertilizer should be applied at the time of sowing / transplanting @ 20-25 gms. per square meter of bed. It should be followed by top dressing of similar quantity of urea in 2 to 3 instalments. First after 25-30 days and then after 40-45 days of sowing / transplanting. Every top dressing should be followed by watering. This fertilizer schedule is good for most of the vegetable crops. Homemade composts with cow dung also gives good result.

Crops in a Kitchen Garden
SUMMER SEASON CROPS (Feb - March):
Ladies finger, Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Brinjal, Chilies, Beans, Guar, Muskmelon, Pumpkin, Watermelon etc.

Crops in a Kitchen Garden
KHARIF SEASON CROPS (June - July):
Ladies finger, Bottle gourd, Bitter gourd, Brinjal, Chilies, Beans, Guar, Muskmelon, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Cowpea, Cucumber, Maize, Sponge gourd, Tomato etc.
Crops in a Kitchen Garden
RABI SEASON CROPS (Sep - Oct):
Beetroot, Cabbage, Brinjal, Cauliflower, Carrot, Lettuce, Mustard, Onion, Spinach, Peas, Radish, Tomato, Turnip etc. Perennial fruit plants like Papaya, Banana, Guava and Lemon should be planted on the northern side of the garden so that they may not shade other vegetable plants. Wherever more space is available grow Potato, onion and Colocasia in large area. Utilise the ridges to grow root crops like Radish, Carrot, Beet etc.

How to Make Kitchen Garden
NURSERY RAISING:
Seedlings of crops like Tomato, Brinjal, Chilies, Cabbage, Cauliflower and Onion etc. should be grown in well prepared nursery beds. Seeds should be sown thinly in lines 6 – 8 cm apart at a depth of 1 – 2 cms. Watering should be done with sprinkler. The seedings should always be raised in comparatively fertile soil. A handful of organic NPK fertilizer at the time of sowing and top dressing by Urea after germination would accelerate the growth of seedlings. Normally the seedlings are ready in 3-4 weeks.

How to make a Kitchen Garden
PLANT PROTECTION:
Fungus and Insects are the main causes of plant diseases. Application of chemical fungicides and insecticides is not quite desirable in kitchen garden. It is better to take precautionary measures like Sanitation, Early soil preparation and reliable seeds. In severe cases organic fungicides and insecticides can be used. Periodic application of diluted limewater (4litres) with blue vitriol (25gms dissolved in 1litre boiled water), neem oil solution, diluted soap solution spray can be helpful.


How to make a Kitchen Garden

WATERING:
The soil should be thoroughly wet once in a week in place of several sprinklings.

CROP ROTATIONS FOR A MODEL KITCHEN GARDEN (AREA: 100 sq. metre)
January – June: Tomato, Onion
February – June: Brinjal, Ladyfinger, Tinda, Cucumber, Bitter gourd
June – August: Radish, Spinach
June – September: Ladyfinger, Carrot, Cow-pea, Beans
Early July – Oct: Cauliflower
July – September: Maize
July – November: Brinjal, Bottle gourd
September – December: Cauliflower
October – January: Peas, Potato, Tomato, Cabbage


How to make kitchen garden.

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Green Environment

Hi, I’m Gobinda Burman (Green Environment). More than 27 years in the field of Building Construction industry, I’ve completed many high-rise building projects successfully. I have got the opportunity to learn and solve the critical practical problems related to building construction. I love to share my knowledge with those people who wants to build their own home and the budding civil engineers willing to build their career in this field..

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